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What is traumatic brain injury?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an impact to the head that results in damage to brain functioning.

Common causes of TBI include:

  • Hitting your head on a windshield, steering wheel or dashboard in an automobile accident
  • Fall and hit your head on the floor or against a hard surface or a solid object
  • Physical assaults that cause blows to the head from a fist, a foot, or a solid object
  • These are called Closed Head TBI. Open head injuries occur when an object, such as a bullet or a fragment of skull, penetrates the skull and contacts the brain tissue.

Types of TBI:

  • Concussion – This is the most common form of TBI. It is defined as a brief loss of normal brain function due to impact with the head
  • Contusion – This is a hematoma of the brain tissue. Brain contusions often result from skull fractures or whiplash injuries
  • Contrecoup – This is a specific type of brain contusion, when the brain is shaken violently inside the skull. It can also lead to axonal shearing, an injury to individual nerve cells in the brain
  • Hematoma – This is hemorrhage within or near the brain, as a result of injury to a blood vessel.

What is the most common type of traumatic brain injury?

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a sudden impact on the head or body of a person that damages the brain’s functioning. Examples of TBI include concussion, brain contusion and hematoma (bleeding within or near the brain).

According to the Centers for Disease Control, 2.5 million cases of BIT were reported in the United States in 2010.

The most common form of TBI is a concussion. It is defined as a brief loss of normal brain function due to the impact of the head.

TBI’s frequently result from:

  • Motor Vehicle Accidents
  • Slip / fall and fall injuries
  • Physical assaults
  • Sport activities

Symptoms of concussion include:

  • Brief loss of consciousness
  • Headaches
  • Blurry vision
  • Memory loss
  • Problems of concentration, attention, focus
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness, loss of balance
  • Confusion

Concussion symptoms range from mild to severe, depending on the force of the impact, similar previous injuries and other factors. Concussion injuries, particularly those resulting in any loss of consciousness, should be taken seriously and treated by medical personnel.

 

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